"how raw material of oil shale is crushed "

Oil Shale Processing

 · Sohrab Zendehboudi PhD, Alireza Bahadori PhD, CEng, in Shale Oil and Gas Handbook, 2017. 2 Description of Oil Shale Processing. Shale oil processing is defined as an industrial process to which raw shale oil is subjected to extract oil from it—basically a process to produce unconventional oil [1] cause shale oil exists as solid sedimentary rocks, its extraction is more complex than ...

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A Review on Technologies for Oil Shale Surface Retort

2020-10-5 · transfers the crushed oil shale to the retort in order to produce shale oil, shale gas and shale char by heating ... processing raw materials include coal, oil shale, oil sand and liquid hydrocarbons. The process is shown ... spiral mixer, mixing shale ash coming from the heat carrier receiving tank on 650~750 °C. After the mixed material from ...

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Fluid flow through packed columns of crushed oil shale ...

Fluid flow through packed columns of crushed oil shale. This report presents the results of an engineering analysis of the pressure drop occurring when a fluid is passed through a packed column of crushed, raw oil shale. An equation of the Ergun type was found to give a good fit to pressure drop data generated by an experimental program.

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What are the uses of shale?

2008-4-7 · Shale is used as filler in paint, plastic, roofing cement; as raw material for bricks; as landscaping and driveway material, and in some cases as a source of oil.

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Moroccan oil shale and coal waste as alternative raw ...

2020-8-3 · oil shale and coal waste as raw materials in portland clinker. Their composition is given in Table 2. Raw mix reactivity was determined in an air . atmosphere with DSC/TG/DTG and burnability by measuring the free lime in the mixes after burning at 1400 °C for 30 min and applying Fundal''s (12)

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Retorting of oil shale (Patent) | OSTI.GOV

Abstract. Oil shale can be thermally distilled at a shale rate above 300 lb/hr/sq ft by a method which includes passing crushed oil shale material downward through a gas combustion retort as a relatively dense moving mass of material through a shale preheat zone, a retorting zone, a combustion zone, and shale cooling zone.

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(PDF) HIGH SELECTIVE OIL SHALE MINING

Several extraction technologies have been used for mining oil shale in Estonia. The quality and properties of the raw material for fuel and oil depend directly on the initial geological properties ...

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SORPTION OF SELECTED INORGANIC MATERIALS ON …

2020-9-28 · SORPTION OF SELECTED INORGANIC MATERIALS ON RAW AND RETORTED OIL SHALE by Donna M. Cowher (ABSTRACT) Shale oil is an attractive, alternative fuel source for a world in which there is an increasing demand for energy. However, it is necessary to assess the environmental impacts of the shale oil industry before widescale production is begun.

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Unconventional Petrophysics: Shale Source Rock Plays …

2019-8-25 · Prepared by Andrew Foulds Petrafiz Shale Source Rock Properties Fundamentals of maturity • As organic material is matured at depth via temperature and pressure, organic materials are "cooked"and organic material "cracked"to oil in the "oil window. • Further heating to higher temperature and pressure will yield gas generation. Generation of gas involves a large volume expansion ...

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DETERMINATION OF THE CALORIFIC VALUE AND …

2018-11-20 · Keywords: crushed oil shale, calorific value, moisture content, laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. 1. Introduction Estonian oil shale is used for oil production [1] as well as a fuel in power plants [2]. Both the yield of oil and the efficiency of boilers depend on the organic and moisture content of raw material. At present the calorific value,

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SHALE DISINTEGRATOR MACHINE CERAMIC RAW …

SHALE DISINTEGRATOR MACHINE CERAMIC RAW MATERIAL POWDER CENTRIFUGAL GRINDING MILL. Shale is hardened by clay to form tiny particles that are easy to crack and easily split into obvious rock formations. In general, the SiO2 content of shale fluctuates between 45% and 80%, and the MgO content fluctuates between 0.1% and 5%. chat online inquiry pdf.

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Oil Shale

2020-11-25 · Before retorting, the oil shale is crushed into fine particles with a size of less than 25 mm (1.0") in diameter. The crushed oil shale is dried in the fluidized bed drier (aero fountain drier) by contact with hot gases. After drying and pre-heating to 135 °C, oil shale particles are separated from gases by cyclonic separation.

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Missouri University of Science and Technology Scholars'' …

2020-3-27 · Raw oil shale shale. Fig. 4. Gas combustion retort. through which crushed shale moves downward by gravity. Recycled gases enter the bottom of the retort and are heated by the hot ... Combustion of the gases and some residual carbonaceous material from the spent shale heats the raw shale immediately above the

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US3475319A

oil shale retorting gas shale Prior art date 1966-12-22 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.) Expired - Lifetime Application number

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Shale: Sedimentary Rock

Oil Shale. Oil shale is a rock that contains significant amounts of organic material in the form of kerogen. Up to 1/3 of the rock can be solid kerogen. Liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons can be extracted from oil shale, but the rock must be heated and/or …

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Size separation of oil shale particles for efficient ...

The pyrolysis or retorting process may be carried out in a retorting vessel of various designs. In one method, the raw oil shale is crushed and ground into particulate material which is fed into the top of the retorting vessel. The oil shale moves downward as a continuous bed of material through the retort.

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Comparative Study of the Characteristics of Oil Shale …

2017-1-16 · 2.1.Materials In this research, raw oil shale was taken from the Liushuhe mine in Daqing city, China. The raw oil shale was crushed and sieved to a particle size range of 1~3 mm using a standard sieve, and then stored in a desiccator for use. Based on National Standards of China (GB/T 212-2001 and GB/T 476-2001), proximate

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oil shale | National Geographic Society

Oil shale is a type of sedimentary rock that is rich in kerogen. Kerogen is a part of rock that breaks down and releases hydrocarbons when heated. Hydrocarbons are substances made entirely of hydrogen and carbon. Petroleum and natural gas are probably the most familiar hydrocarbons. The hydrocarbons in oil shale …

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Some general information on oil shale

2008-4-1 · Oil shale distillates (products of retorting) typically favor the production of middle-distillates (diesel and kerosene), and have higher concentrations of nitrogen than crude oil. To produce light-distillates (such as gasoline) additional processing, such as hydrocracking, is required to break down the larger hydrocarbons.

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Crushed raw oil shale as oil spill adsorbent

(b) contacting oil drawn into the vortex with crushed raw oil shale, and (c) drawing into said vortex the oil contacted with crushed raw oil shale, thereby causing the crushed shale with oil adsored thereon to sink beneath the surface. 2. A method of claim 1 wherein crushed shale is of a …

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Characterization and thermogravimetric analysis of oil ...

2019-4-14 · oil shale, meaning that the oil shale is belongs to the silicate group. The oil shale ash with high a content of SiO 2 is a good raw material for producing high strength artificial ceramsite. It can also be used for producing cement and other building materials when mixed with other ingredients [9]. Thermogravimetric analysis is used to ...

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Calcined oil shale residue as a supplementary cementitious ...

Al-Otoom et al. added oil shale ash as a raw material in the production of Portland cement, and found that adding oil shale ash can reduce the required clinkering temperature to 1300℃ without affecting the performance of the cement. Based on their experiments, they suggested the best blend ratio as 16% oil shale ash, 18% kaolinite, and 66% ...

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(PDF) Oil Shale as an Aggregate in Making Concrete Mix

Tests on raw materials of lime aggregate and oil shale aggregate shows that: lime aggregate specific gravity is 2.65, while the specific gravity for oil shale is 1.95.

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Fluid flow through packed columns of crushed oil shale ...

2021-9-14 · A continuous process for treating raw oil shale to produce shale oil of improved quality and yield is described which consists of the following steps: a. crushing and grinding the raw oil shale, b. heating and drying the crushed and ground shale, c. passing the heated and dried shale particles to a slurry mixer where it is mixed with hot heavy ...

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Beneficiation of oil shale by froth flotation

2019-3-1 · ash reduction of the raw oil shale ash, and it measures the ability of the process to remove ash. where A c is the ash concentration (Wt%), f A is the ash content of the raw oil shale (Wt%), and t is the ash A content of the tailings (Wt%). 2. The combustible recovery refers to the percentage ε of the combustible material per the amount of raw oil

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Pyrolysis Characteristics of Oil Shale of Six Density Sections

2021-3-15 · 2.1 Materials A standard sample of oil shale was brought from the Huadian deposit, which is considered the largest deposit in Jilin located in northeastern China. Sample was crushed and sieved to less than 0.1mm, based on the National Standards of China. Table 1 presents the analytical data for this oil shale. The raw sample was recorded by OS.

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Raw Material Supply Crunch Hits U.S. Shale Oil | …

2021-6-8 · Join Our Community. As the prices of steel, cement and other raw materials climb higher and higher amid tightening supply, drillers in the U.S. shale patch are facing higher production costs ...

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Raw Material Supply Crunch Hits U.S. Shale Oil | Markets ...

2021-6-7 · As the prices of steel, cement and other raw materials climb higher and higher amid tightening supply, drillers in the U.S. shale patch are facing higher production costs, Bloomberg reports ...

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